Haunting Officials

As a means of reminding officials of the “immorality” of their behavior in repressing a nonviolent resistance movement and of the determination and fearlessness of the population, volunteers may sometimes follow and “haunt” officials everywhere they go, thus constantly reminding them of the population’s determination.

For example, as Joan Bondurant has reported, during the 1928 Bardoli campaign in India: “Volunteers followed officials everywhere, camping on roads outside official bungalows. When arrested, they were replaced by others until authorities tired of the process.”